Because of the recent and relatively rapid growth of Turkey’s economy, there has been considerable reduction in poverty levels and the eradication of poverty defined as living on a dollar a day. Nevertheless, some degree of poverty-related malnutrition remains. Primary education enrollment rates are close to, but not exactly 100 percent. It is somewhat lower for secondary education, and especially low for girls. Gender continues to be an issue that requires attention in Turkey. In 2011, 7.8 % of women were illiterate compared to 1.7 % of men. Participation of women in the labour force is only 29.3% and their representation in parliament, while improved, remains low. Although the reduction targets have been achieved for both the under-five mortality and the infant mortality rates, they are still higher than in comparable countries. The maternal mortality ratio has declined but the MDG target has not been met.
The case study for Turkey will be undertaken by a team composed of researchers affiliated with various institutions in Istanbul. In their work, the members of the team have extensively used the type of data relevant to Post-2015 considerations. Close cooperation and consultation will also be maintained with the Turkish Statistical Institute which has a well-established system of data collection and other sources of data, including civil society groups.