Regrettably, due to conflicting demands and other circumstances beyond their control, the Centre for Social Policy Studies at the University of Ghana, will not be in a position to participate further in the Post-2015 Data Test project.
In the year 2000, Ghana committed to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and aimed to attain all eight goals by 2015. The Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda 2010-2013 is the medium term national strategy guiding the country’s efforts to attain the MDGs. Since 2002, progress on the MDGs has been monitored by research, policy, governance and donor communities using a mix of global and local targets and indicators.
The current evidence suggests that Ghana has made significant progress on one set of MDGs (1,2 and 6), mixed progress on a second set of MDGs (3 and 7) and minimal progress on a third set (MDGs 4 and 5). Ghana has made considerable progress towards halving the proportion of the population in extreme poverty and increasing enrolment rates towards universal primary education (MDG2). Ghana is likely to attain these two goals by 2015. MDG 6 is potentially achievable. Data on HIV/AIDS suggests a decline of HIV/AIDS prevalence from 3.2% in 2006 to 2.0% in 2010. However progress on reducing the prevalence and public health impact of malaria and other diseases, such as chronic non-communicable diseases, remain slow and may derail developmental efforts. MDGs 3 and 7 are likely to be partially achieved. Gender parity has been improved at junior high school levels, but challenges remain at the primary level with parity fixed at 0.96 since 2006/2007 (MDG3). Ghana has made some progress on ensuring environmental sustainability (MDG 7), such as increasing population access to safe drinking water, however poor sanitation, the rise in urban slums and the threat posed by climate change/variability remain major challenges. MDGs 4 and 5 are unlikely to be achieved by 2015. Infant and under-five mortality rates have been reduced (MDG4), however the ideal target of reducing mortality rates by two-thirds is unlikely to be reached without more investments in child survival interventions. Similarly more investments in prevention are required to achieve the MDG 5 target of reducing maternal mortality rate (MMR) by three quarters by 2015. Despite maternal health interventions such as free maternal health care, MMR had only been reduced to 164 per 100,000 live births in 2010 from 216 per 100,000 live births in 1990. The challenges facing the attainment of Ghana’s MDGs have been identified in official review reports, but remain to be critically evaluated and addressed by all major stakeholders.
The Centre for Social Policy Studies at the University of Ghana, is leading the Ghana case study of the Post-2015 Data Test. Over the course of the research project, CSPS will examine the challenges and opportunities for applying and measuring progress on a universal, country specific post-2015 development agenda in Ghana. To do this, CSPS will engage a broad range of stakeholders at the country level, including national and international policymakers, domestic government agencies responsible for the collection, analysis and dissemination of data, civil society organizations, academics and the private sector.
Ghana Workshop will be held in Ghana, on May 15th, 2014.