Bangladesh’s commitment to attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has been reflected in key policy documents including the ongoing Sixth Five Year Plan (2011-2015) and the ten year Perspective Plan of Bangladesh (2010-2021). In these development plans the eradication of poverty has been given the highest priority. Bangladesh’s progress towards attainment of the MDGs to date has been quite impressive. Bangladesh is also on track in terms of attaining the key target of halving the proportion of the population living below the national poverty line. The country has already met some important MDG targets including reducing poverty gap ratio, attaining gender parity at primary and secondary levels of education and reducing the under-five mortality rate. The country has also made remarkable progress towards achieving social sector goals particularly in the areas of health and education (e.g. net enrollment ratio in primary education, prevalence of underweight children under five years of age). However, for a few other targets, the progress has remained rather slow (e.g. proportion of population living below the poverty line of USD 1.25 in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms per day, adult literacy rate, proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel). Some of the MDG targets suffered from a lack of benchmark data (1990) and availability of the needed updated statistics at the country level (e.g. ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years and CO2 emissions: total, per capita and per USD 1 GDP in PPP terms).
It is envisaged that the post-2015 development framework will be applicable to all countries, both developed and developing. At the same time, while formulating the framework, the countries are likely to prioritize the targets which are most relevant to their country context. In connection with this, the Government of Bangladesh has already submitted a list of proposed Goals, Targets and Indicators to the United Nations (UN) which reflects Bangladesh’s country priorities in the context of post-MDGs. Whilst consultations, debates and discussions are continuing in various places and platforms, the UN High Level Panel (HLP) report has called for a Data Revolution to establish reference points, get more insights as regards to the main drivers of change and monitor the progress towards attaining the post-2015 Goals, Targets and Indicators.
The Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), a leading think tank from Bangladesh, is conducting the Bangladesh case study of the Post-2015 Data Test. Over the course of the research project, CPD will examine the challenges and opportunities for applying and measuring progress on a universal, country specific post-2015 development agenda in Bangladesh. To do this, CPD will engage a broad range of stakeholders at the country level, including national and international policymakers, domestic government agencies responsible for the collection, analysis and dissemination of data, civil society organizations, academics and the private sector.
Bangladesh Workshop, held in Dhaka on March 11th, 2014.
Bangladesh Validation Workshop, held in Dhaka on July 23rd, 2014.